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The Basics of Flood Survival

By Bryon On March 4, 2013 Under Flood Survival

Flooding is a natural disaster that has touched nearly every country or locale in the world. It has always been a problem, and it is not going to go away, even with the advent of global warming because the hydrological cycle will always exist; water will always be recycled by the environment through rain and storms.

Now, since we can’t do anything about the natural phenomena that regularly causes flooding, what we can do is be prepared for flooding when it does occur.

There are two general types of floods. The first type is the regular flood that occurs after long periods of rain. So, the water level in the immediate land area steadily rises until the water has to flow where the land’s slope is lower.

Then we have flash floods. Flash floods are far more sinister than regular floods, because a flash flood can submerge a whole neighborhood in a matter of minutes with little or no warning.

This is one of the reasons why you should stay awake in the advent of a large storm, because a flash flood can come from anywhere, and even if you are far away from the usual sites of flash floods, water can still reach you if there is a sufficient amount of water (and debris) coming in from a higher area.

Safety during a flood

Floods can destroy property and take lives just as easily, so being in a flood-prone area is no laughing matter. If you have just moved into a new city or neighborhood, it might be a good idea to ask your neighbors if the area has experienced any recent flooding.

If it has experienced flooding before, even if the flood took place five years ago, then it is likely that a big storm can cause a flood in the area again. It doesn’t matter if the last flood was ages ago, the mere fact that the area has been flooded before means the geographical topography of the area is susceptible to flooding.

And, unless extremely large counter-measures have already been taken to ensure that the landscape does not encourage flash floods and regular floods, it is still not safe to assume that flooding in your neighborhood is not possible.

If you live in a house with a second or third floor, move important items to the upper floors during a storm so that these items will be safe even if it does flood.

Also, avoid driving through flooded areas, because your vehicle might stall and you could end up getting stuck in the middle of nowhere during a flood. Six to twelve inches of water is enough to stall and float a one ton vehicle, so beware.

During a flood, both electricity and water have to be turned off to minimize any problems. The flood will eventually subside and you will be able to turn on these utilities after a few hours.